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Clip #: TFA-74B
Library: TFA Network
Region: South Asia
Dutch east indies, Java, WWII soldiers with cannons, periscope, map of Indonesia, rice paddies, women picking tea leaves, piles of rice cuttings, pounding rice, Indonesian dancers, batik sewing and dyeing, woman with babies and batik clothes, metal workers making pots with hammers, making silk flowers, boys carrying flowers on head, crowds going to temple, umbrellas on tall sticks, temple carvings and statues, Banyan dancers, gamalan orchestra, Java, banquet, eating sitting on ground, volcanos, hot springs, city, Batavia (now Jakarta ), traffic, government buildings, industrial machinry, factory workers, weaving cloth, assembly line, paper maker, people leaving factory, rice paddies, women harvesting rice, sisal plantation, hemp, loading boxes of tea, trucks on country roads, building roads, kids on bicycles, students, schools, businessmen, soldiers, science laboratory, airmen with leather helmets, getting into planes, Indonesia airmen, war planes,
Java is an island of Indonesia and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. Once the centre of powerful Hindu kingdoms, Islamic sultanates, and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies, Java now plays a dominant role in the economic and political life of Indonesia. Home to a population of 130 million in 2006, it is the most populous island in the world, ahead of Honshū, the main island of Japan. Java is also one of the most densely populated regions on Earth. If the island was a country, it would be the tenth most populous in the world, just ahead of Japan.
Formed mostly as the result of volcanic events, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in Indonesia. A chain of volcanic mountains forms an east-west spine along the island. It has three main languages, and most residents are bilingual, with Indonesian as their second language. While the majority of Javanese are Muslim, Java has a diverse mixture of religious beliefs and cultures.