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Clip #: MF-34C
Library: TFA Network
1940s, Africa, Zimbabwe, Southern Rhodesia, tobacco, world map showing principal tobacco growing areas and zooming in on Southern Rhodesia with Salisbury highlighted, PAN mountainous landscape, animated illustration of typical tobacco farm, tobacco grower homestead, huts for native laborers, tobacco fields around farm, curing barn, seed beds, laborers preparing seed beds for spring sowing, workers covering beds with brush wood which is set on fire to destroy any pests in soil, workers hoeing remaining wood ash into soil to make it more fertile, grower supervising sowing, workers putting teaspoons of tobacco seed into watering cans and pouring mixtures onto seed bed, workers covering sowed beds with grass to protect seeds from sun and insects, covering raised on sticks as soon as young plants appear, grown plants ready to be transplanted to field, field being plowed by ox drawn plows, harrowing, harrow, workers using hoes and measuring sticks to mark positions for young plants, workers following by putting fertilizer on marked spots, workers digging up young plants from seed beds, plants being laid on machila stretcher, covered with sack cloth and carried to tobacco field, native women and children dropping plants into marked positions, men following and putting plants into ground pulling to ensure firmly rooted, workers cultivating plants that have grown up after a few weeks, workers snapping off lower leaves to strengthen lower leaves, workers using oxen-driven plow between rows to loosen soil at base of plant, field of flowering plants, grower tying paper bag around desirable flower head to save for next years’ seed, workers cutting off undesirable flower heads, workers reaping ripe leaves off plants and carrying to machila, workers covering machila stretcher piled high with leaves with sack cloth and carrying to wagon, oxen-driven wagon transporting machilas of leaves to curing barn, workers unloading machilas from wagon and carrying machilas to tying shed, boy tying tobacco leaves onto stick so that leaves hang down, workers carrying sticks full of leaves to curing barn and placing on racks, leaves being dried in curing barn by wood-fired furnace, sticks of leaves being carried out of barn and into shed where they are untied and laid in piles to mature for several weeks, female workers grading tobacco according to quality of each leaf, boys tying graded leaves into separate bundles, bundles of leaves placed into boxes and pressed into bales, male worker followed by boys pushing bicycle to hut and walking inside, world map showing route shipping tobacco from Salisbury to England, barrels of tobacco being unloaded from ship after arrival in England, workers rolling barrels inside factory, man smoking pipe